THESE ARE THE TEST RESULTS FOR MDLP PROJECT: MDLP K13 ULTIMATE, MDLP K23B, MDLP WORLD22, MDLP WORLD
WITH: ADMIXTURE PROPORTIONS (WITH LINK TO ORACLE) and ADMIXTURE PROPORTIONS BY CHROMOSOME
( THE ONES I COULD FIND)
ASI (Ancestral South Indian)
Near east: middle east
WHG and WHG/ANE: indigenous European hunter-gatherers
EEF: mixed European/Near Eastern Neolithic farmers
ANE/WHG: Proto-Indo-European invaders from the Eastern European steppe
ENA/ANE: early Uralics from the Volga-Ural region
EEF/WHG/ANE: late Indo-Europeans (ie. Celts, Germanics and Slavs)
Early European Farmer (EEF): apparently this is a hybrid component, the result of mixture between “Basal Eurasians” and a WHG-like population possibly from the Balkans. It’s based on a 7500 year old Linearbandkeramik (LBK) sample from Stuttgart, Germany, but today peaks at just over 80% among Sardinians.
West European Hunter-Gatherer (WHG): this ancestral component is based on an 8,000 year old forager from the Loschbour rock shelter in Luxembourg, who belonged to Y-chromosome haplogroup I2a1b. However, today the WHG component peaks among Estonians and Lithuanians, in the East Baltic region, at almost 50%.
Ancient North Eurasian (ANE): this is the twist in the tale, a component based on a 24,000 year old Upper Paleolithic forager from South Central Siberia, belonging to Y-DNA R*, and known as Mal’ta boy or MA-1. This component was very likely present in Southern Scandinavia since at least the Mesolithic, but only seems to have reached Western Europe after the Neolithic. At some point it also spread into the Americas. In Europe today it peaks among Estonians at just over 18%, and, intriguingly, reaches a similar level among Scots. However, numbers weren’t given in the paper for Finns, Russians and Mordovians, who, according to one of the maps, also carry very high ANE, but their results are confounded by more recent Siberian (ENA) admixture.
1. Amerindian – the modal component of the Native American
2. ANE – the modal component of the Northern Eurasians, which has been isolated from the common cluster with WHG – the highest values in the samples of MA1, AG2, as well as the ancient genomes from Sintashta, Andronov, Afanasievo, Yamnaya, Corded Ware etc. Among the modern populations the highest percentage of ANE has been detected in Kalash population. Almost the same with the ANE component in Lazaridis et al. 2014
3. Arctic – modal component with peak populations Koryak, Chukchi, Eskimos and Itelmens
4. ASI – еру modal component of South Indian populations (i assume that this component is identical to ASI in (Reich et al. 2009).
5. Caucasus-Gedrosia – identical to Pontikos’s Caucasus-Gedrosia cluster
6. EastAsian – the modal component of East Asia
7. ENF – the component of the ancient European Neolithic farmers with the peak in the ancient samples of LBK culture (Lazaridis et al. 2014, Haak et al. 2015). Among the modern populations – the highest values have been detected in Sardinians, Corsicans and Basques.
8. NearEast – the modal component of Middle Easterners
9. Oceanian – the modal component of the aboriginal inhabitants of Oceania, Austronesian, Melanesia and Micronesia(the peak in modern Papuans and Australian Aborigines)
10. Paleo-African – the modal component of African Pygmies and Bushmen
11. Siberian – the modal component of southeastern Siberia
12. Subsaharian – the second African component (Mandinka, Yoruba and Esan)
13. WHG-UHG – the native component of the ancient European Mesolithic hunter-gatherers (Lazaridis et al. 2014, Haak et al. 2015). Among the modern populations – the highest percentage in the population of Estonians, Lithuanians, Finns and others.
2. Ancestral Altaic- A major study published earlier this year specifically indicates strong genetic linkages between American Indians and the indigenous inhabitants of the southern Altai Mountains, a rugged area situated near the intersection of southern Siberia, western Mongolia, and eastern Kazakhstan. As the authors argue, “The Altai region of southern Siberia has played a critical role in the peopling of northern Asia as an entry point into Siberia and a possible homeland for ancestral Native Americans.”
Archaic human: NEANDERTHAL
Archaic African: Sub-Saharan Africans actually have more archaic admixture. The difference is that it came not from Neanderthals but from archaic groups within Africa. About 13% of the sub-Saharan gene pool comes from an earlier expansion of pre-modern hominins that occurred c. 111,000 years ago and seems to correspond to the entry of Skhul-Qafzeh hominins into the Middle East (Watson et al., 1997). This higher level of admixture may have come about because archaic Africans were behaviorally and physically closer to modern humans than the Neanderthals were.